Bell Sound Effects

In the Avosound Online Sound Archive you will find a great selection of bell sounds and ringing bells and bell sound effects. The choices include bicycle bells, door bells, cow bell sound effects and sleigh bells, tubular bells, bell plates, and, of course, church bells.

Bell sounds are an everyday sound around the world -- and we often don't even notice them anymore because they are so commonplace (unless you live next door to a church, that is).

But bells are not only found in churches, they traditionally have also been serving other purposes (e.g. signalling and alarms). Maybe bells have been popular throughout the centuries because they are incredibly practical and yet so simple to use.

Bell Sounds - A History

According to archeological discoveries in China, bells date back roughly 3,000 BCE. These ancient bells were made from ceramics and pre-date the cast bells and the ones made of brass. It is said that even the Egyptians used to make metal bells and hang them from ropes in the towers. The sound of these bell plates could be heard many miles away, which made them ideal as alarm signals.

Bells Sounds - Made In China

The high quality of the metal bells hints at considerable metallurgical know-how in the 15th century BCE during the Chinese bronze age. Even back then, bells were cast with a very specific pitch in mind. In China they were used for ceremonial purposes, rituals and ceremonies of state. These bells also found use in temples and shrines outside of China, where they can still be found in great abundance.

Bells in the Temple

Bell sounds find frequent use in buddhist temples. Buddhist temples and monasteries often feature quite a number of standing or hanging brass and metal bells of considerable size that are struck with a wooden bar. Depending on the size of the location, you can find lots of smaller bells or sleigh bells ringing in the wind in stupas or at the top of temples.

Even today these bell sounds and noises can be heard in Myanmar's monasteries.

Bell Sounds - Metal Bells

In the western world, bell sound have traditionally had a strong symbolic connection to the church. To make their sound heard across many miles, the bells were hung in high towers. The mightier the building, the bigger the size of the bells. And the bigger the bell, the deeper its sound. These bells - several feet high and weighing tons - would then be hung in gigantic cathedral spires where they remain to this day, making their unique sound heard across the lands.

Bells were also mounted to public buildings to announce the time. Bells will either ring the time every quarter of an hour or every hour.

Bell Sounds - Church Bells

The sound of church bells differs depending on the size and architecture of the church. Monasteries, for example, tend to use smaller bells, while churches are a little more ostentatious about their oversized bells. Bells can sound individually, in groups, or all together.

In this context, bells have a ceremonial character as well. For festivities, all bells will usually ring at the same time. Sombre occasions might just require the sound of the deepest bell.

Bell Sounds in the Middle Ages

Apart from their religious connotations, bells were used in the middle ages to alert the people and the authorities. The striking of the bell(s) is used to announce the time to this day (much to the annoyance of many neighbours). Some of the more impressive bell towers even featured a glockenspiel––which made them known around the country. Alarm bells would ring whenever there was an attack or a fire. Those banished from the city or village could count themselves lucky if the only thing chasing them was the sound of the shame bell. Because the blood bells would announce an unkindly verdict from the worldly court in town.

Alarm Bells

As bells became easier to manufacture, cities were equipped with bells announcing alarms and storms. Before the constant cacophony of the industrial age, you could still the night porter's bell throughout the city. Bells announcing alarms and storms were equally prominent and their sound would carry from one end of the city to the other. The great benefit of bells was the amount of people you could reach in a short time and without much effort.

Bicycle Bells

To this day, bells play a significant role in our society: bells and sleigh bells can be found on ships; they were used on trains and streetcars before the invention of electrical or pressurised air horns; and, of course, they can be found on almost every bicycle.

Library Waveform Filename add Description info Channels Duration ShortID Category Subcategory
1 SoundStorm Library Tones-Bells-Doorbell-Int_12.wav Tones - Bells - Doorbell - Int - CU - Single Ring
i
2.0 0:02

Bell

Bell Door

2 BBC Sound Effects Library ChurchesBells.BBC.EC1003Aa.wav Bell, Church: Bells Ringing At San Petronio Church, Bologna.
i
2.0 1:08Bell Bell Church
3 BBC Sound Effects Library Chapels.BBC.EC91Lb.wav Bell, Church: Magdalen College Chapel Bells, Change Ringing, Stedman Caters. (Recorded On The Ground.)
i
2.0 6:35Bell Bell Church
4 BBC Sound Effects Library BellsCattle.BBC.ECD9b.wav Switzerland: Small Cowbells.
i
2.0 4:01Bell Bell
5 Sounddogs Sound Library Bells,Carillon,Elfs,Alarm 2.wav Bell: Bells Carillon Elfs Alarm 2
i
2.0 0:48Bell Bell
6 SoundStorm Library Tones-BongsGongs-Gong-Int-C.wav Tones - Bongs Gongs - Gong - Int - CU - Large, Metal, Hard Hit W Ring, 1 Softer Hit, Metal Sqeaks And Creaks On Swing Back And Forth
i
2.0 0:51Bell Gong Metal
7 Sounddogs Sound Library Bells,Ring,Shimmer,Swell,Fade.wav Bell: Bells Ring Shimmer Swell Fade
i
2.0 0:06Bell Bell
8 Rob Nokes Sound Library Bell,Small,Ring,Clatter,Loose,x7,Rapid Succession.wav Bell: Bell, Small, Ring, Clatter, Loose, X7, Rapid Succession
i
2.0 0:23Bell Bell
9 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC36Kc.wav Bell, Clock: University College, Oxford Clock Striking Twelve O"clock.
i
2.0 0:40Bell Bell Clock
10 BBC Sound Effects Library ClockChurchOvin.BBC.EC105Wh.wav Bell, Clock: Church Clock Striking, 8 O"clock. (All Saints Church)
i
2.0 0:22Bell Bell Clock
11 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC36Ae.wav Bell, Clock: Magdalen College Clock Striking Two O"clock.
i
2.0 0:32Bell Bell Clock
12 Sounddogs Sound Library Bell,Bicycle,Ring,6,Slow.wav Bell, Bicycle: Bell Bicycle Ring 6 Slow
i
2.0 0:06Bell Bell Bicycle
13 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC48Rl.wav Bell, Clock: Grandfather Clock Striking Six O"clock. (Bell Type Grandfather Clock With Whittington Chimes, Manufactured In London 1845.)
i
2.0 0:38Bell Bell Clock
14 Coll Anderson Sound Library EFX EXT Tram Bell 01.wav Bell: Bell, Exterior, Tram Or Street Car Bell Ding
i
2.0 0:04Bell Bell
15 BBC Sound Effects Library ChurchesLondon.BBC.EC2B4b.wav Bell, Church: Church Bells: Stedman Cinques Finish, Traffic And Birdsong, St. Mary Le Bow Church, London.
i
2.0 0:31Bell Bell Church
16 BBC Sound Effects Library ClockBuckingham.BBC.EC105Qh.wav Bell, Clock: Outdoor Clock Striking, Chimes And 5 O"clock SS. Peter And Paul
i
2.0 0:52Bell Bell Clock
17 BBC Sound Effects Library ClockBigBen.BBC.EC105Aa.wav Bell, Clock: Big Ben Recorded Prior To Repair In 1956. Quarter Hour
i
2.0 0:23Bell Bell Clock
18 BBC Sound Effects Library CathedralsLondon.BBC.EC1C2b.wav Bell, Church: St. Pauls Cathederal, London. Atmosphere
i
2.0 1:48Bell Bell Church
19 Sounddogs Sound Library Bell,Bicycle,Jingle,3,Slow.wav Bell, Bicycle: Bell Bicycle Jingle 3 Slow
i
2.0 0:06Bell Bell Bicycle
20 SoundStorm Library Tones-ChurchBellsFromNear_5.wav Tones - Church Bells From Nearby Street - Ext - Distant City Traffic Wash, Bells From Second Church Audible Os, Some Pedestrian Movement, Coughs And Light Walla, Light Footsteps, Some Mic Bumps
i
2.0 3:44Bell Bell Church
21 Sounddogs Sound Library Ding,Bell,Low,Whistle Down.wav Bell: Ding Bell Low Whistle Down
i
2.0 0:01Bell Bell
22 Rob Nokes Sound Library Bell,Hand,Ceramic,Steady.wav Bell, Hand: Bell Hand Ceramic Steady
i
1.0 0:02Bell Bell Hand
23 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC36Ld.wav Bell, Clock: Worcester College Clock Striking One O"clock.
i
2.0 0:08Bell Bell Clock
24 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC36Vi.wav Bell, Clock: New College Clock Striking Six O"clock.
i
2.0 0:46Bell Bell Clock
25 Sounddogs Sound Library Bell,Bicycle,Rings,Messy2.wav Bell, Bicycle: Bell Bicycle Rings Messy2
i
2.0 0:09Bell Bell Bicycle
26 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC36Mf.wav Bell, Clock: Jesus College Clock Striking Three O"clock.
i
2.0 0:12Bell Bell Clock
27 Rob Nokes Sound Library Bell,Antique,1800s,Polar POV,Hit,x3,Some faint BG birds.wav Bell, Antique: Bell, Antique, 1800s, Polar POV, Hit, X3, Some Faint BG Birds
i
2.0 0:11Bell Bell Antique
28 BBC Sound Effects Library CathedralsLondon.BBC.EC1_15.wav Bell, Church: Great Tom Clock With Street Atmosphere Striking Half-hour.
i
2.0 0:32Bell Bell Church
29 SoundStorm Library Tones-Bells-Doorbell-Int_15.wav Tones - Bells - Doorbell - Int - O S - Single Ring
i
2.0 0:03Bell Bell Door
30 BBC Sound Effects Library ClockChurchLond.BBC.EC105Jb.wav Bell, Clock: St. Clement Danes Church Clock, Striking Half-hour
i
2.0 0:22Bell Bell Clock
31 BBC Sound Effects Library ClockCaius.BBC.EC36Sd.wav Bell, Clock: Caius College Clock Striking Seven O"clock.
i
2.0 0:38Bell Bell Clock
32 BBC Sound Effects Library ClockHampton.BBC.EC105Sa.wav Bell, Clock: Anne Boleyn"s Clock, Chimes And 4 O"clock
i
2.0 0:31Bell Bell Clock
33 SoundStorm Library Tones-RailroadCrossingBell-.wav Tones - Railroad Crossing Bell - C U - Excellent Fidelity, Sound Like Bells Are About 10 Feet Away, Slower Speed Than FX 003
i
2.0 0:31Bell Bell Railroad Crossing
34 Casablanca Sound Library Bell,Tone,Class,Change,Feet.wav Bell: Bell Tone Class Change Feet
i
2.0 0:03Bell Bell
35 BBC Sound Effects Library BellsCatholic.BBC.EC91Dd.wav Bell, Church: Catholic Church Bells, Sanctus Bell.
i
2.0 0:52Bell Bell Church
36 Tibetan Monasteries Bell-Tibetan-Prayer-Wheel-01-MS.wav Bell, Small: Tibetan Bell From Prayer Wheel, UNDECODED MS-STEREO TRACK
i
2.0 0:19Bell Bell Bell
37 BBC Sound Effects Library BicyclesBells.BBC.EC1001Cg.wav Bell, Bicycle: Bicycle Bells, Two Bells Ringing Followed By Several.
i
2.0 0:14Bell Bell Bicycle
38 BBC Sound Effects Library ShipsBells.BBC.EC121Da.wav Bell, Ship: Telegraph Bell Signals. Going Astern.
i
2.0 0:50Bell Bell Ship
39 BBC Sound Effects Library ClockGranborough.BBC.EC10_3.wav Bell, Clock: Outdoor Clock Striking, 4 O"clock
i
2.0 0:16Bell Bell Clock
40 Sounddogs Sound Library Bell,Door,Ring,Ding,Dong.wav Bell, Door: Bell Door Ring Ding Dong
i
2.0 0:02Bell Bell Door
41 SoundStorm Library Tones-Bells-GasStationBell-.wav Tones - Bells - Gas Station Bell - Ext - CU - Multiple Rings
i
2.0 0:05Bell Bell Gas Station
42 Sounddogs Sound Library Bells,Carillon,Paris,Crowd,Bg.wav Bell: Bells Carillon Paris Crowd Bg
i
1.0 2:39Bell Bell
43 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC36Hc.wav Bell, Clock: Trinity College Clock Striking Eleven O"clock.
i
2.0 0:36Bell Bell Clock
44 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC36Xb.wav Bell, Clock: Christchurch College Clock Striking Ten O"clock.
i
2.0 0:56Bell Bell Clock
45 BBC Sound Effects Library ClockBigBen.BBC.EC105Ad.wav Bell, Clock: Big Ben Recorded Prior To Repair In 1956. 1 O"clock
i
2.0 0:36Bell Bell Clock
46 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC1004Ae.wav Bell, Clock: Lincoln"s Inn Clock Striking Five O"clock.
i
2.0 0:18Bell Bell Clock
47 Sounddogs Sound Library Bell,Bicycle,Jingle,Med2.wav Bell, Bicycle: Bell Bicycle Jingle Med2
i
2.0 0:04Bell Bell Bicycle
48 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC212Al.wav Bell, Clock: Emmanuel College Clock Striking Twelve O"clock.
i
2.0 0:46Bell Bell Clock
49 Coll Anderson Sound Library EFX INT Ice Cream Bell 03.wav Bell: Bell, Interior, Ice Cream Truck Swinging Bells, Clunking Swing, Bells Jingle
i
2.0 0:31Bell Bell Jingle
50 BBC Sound Effects Library ChurcheBellsCroy.BBC.EC91Ra.wav Bell, Church: Church Bells, Start Into Ringing. (St. John The Baptist"s Church, Croydon.)
i
2.0 3:01Bell Bell Church
51 BBC Sound Effects Library BellsAbbeys.BBC.ECD90.wav Bell, Church: Prinknash Abbey Bells, Round On 8 Bells With Start And Stop, Close Perspective - 1984 (7M2, Reprocessed)
i
2.0 5:10Bell Bell Church
52 BBC Sound Effects Library BellsSchools.BBC.ECD39b.wav Mixed Comprehensive School, Classroom Atmosphere At End Of 5th Year Lesson, Bell Rung, Chairs Moved And Door Banged.
i
2.0 0:55Bell Bell School
53 SoundStorm Library Tones-ChurchBells-CU-St.Ant.wav Tones - Church Bells - C U - St. Anthony's Cathedral, Nine Big Rings
i
1.0 0:35Bell Bell Church
54 Sounddogs Sound Library Bells,Sleigh,Jingle,Short.wav Bell: Bells Sleigh Jingle Short
i
1.0 0:28Bell Bell Jingle
55 Rob Nokes Sound Library Bells,Noon,Prague,Ringout.wav Bell: Bells Noon Prague Ringout
i
2.0 0:50Bell Bell
56 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC36Pj.wav Bell, Clock: Wadham College Clock Striking Seven O"clock.
i
2.0 0:15Bell Bell Clock
57 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC36Ef.wav Bell, Clock: Clock Of The University Church Of St Mary The Virgin, Oxford Striking Half Past The Hour.
i
2.0 0:14Bell Bell Clock
58 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC36Bf.wav Bell, Clock: Merton College Clock Striking Half Past The Hour.
i
2.0 0:24Bell Bell Clock
59 Sounddogs Sound Library Bell,Bicycle,Ring,High,1.wav Bell, Bicycle: Bell Bicycle Ring High 1
i
2.0 0:06Bell Bell Bicycle
60 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC209Dh.wav Bell, Clock: Grandfather Clock With St Michael"s Chimes, Striking Eleven O"clock.
i
2.0 1:00Bell Bell Clock
61 Coll Anderson Sound Library EFX INT Broken Bell 06.wav Bell: House, Interior, Broken Door Bell, Ding, Electric Buzz, Dead Dong
i
2.0 0:02Bell Bell
62 BBC Sound Effects Library Bells16thCentury.BBC.ECD91b.wav Bell, Church: Exterior, 5 Bells Rung In The Style Used From The Reformation Until About The 17th Century - Rounds And Call Changes Recorded Outside Church (St. Mary And St. Andrew"s Church, Whittlesford, Cambs.) - 1982 (2B8, Reprocessed )
i
2.0 5:31Bell Bell Church
63 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC36Ec.wav Bell, Clock: Queens College Clock Striking Eleven O"clock.
i
2.0 0:50Bell Bell Clock
64 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC1004Ce.wav Bell, Clock: Bracket Clock Striking Five O"clock.
i
2.0 0:11Bell Bell Clock
65 BBC Sound Effects Library CathedralsCzech.BBC.EC46Ga.wav Bell, Church: St. Vidus Cathedral, Prague, Zigmund Bell Tolling.
i
2.0 2:01Bell Bell Church
66 Sounddogs Sound Library Bell,Bicycle,Jingle,Doppler2.wav Bell, Bicycle: Bell Bicycle Jingle Doppler2
i
2.0 0:04Bell Bell Bicycle
67 SoundStorm Library Tones-DistantChurchBells-_1.wav Tones - Distant Church Bells - Ext - Magdelen College Oxford Bells, Complex Orchestration Played On Church Bells, Recorded From A Distance, Part 2
i
2.0 2:52Bell Bell Church
68 Sounddogs Sound Library Sleigh,Bells,Classic,Long.wav Bell: Sleigh Bells Classic Long
i
2.0 0:45Bell Bell
69 Rob Nokes Sound Library Bell,Hand,Metal,Clear,Polite.wav Bell, Hand: Bell Hand Metal Clear Polite
i
1.0 0:02Bell Bell Hand
70 BBC Sound Effects Library BellsDoor.BBC.EC25Ba.wav Bell, Door: Electric Buzzer Sounded At Long And Short Intervals.
i
2.0 0:29Bell Bell Door
71 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC36Jg.wav Bell, Clock: Oriel College Clock Striking Four O"clock.
i
2.0 0:12Bell Bell Clock
72 Sounddogs Sound Library Bell,Boxing,Hits,3,Ring.wav Bell, Boxing: Bell Boxing Hits 3 Ring
i
1.0 0:12Bell Bell Boxing
73 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC36Ra.wav Bell, Clock: Keble College Clock Striking Nine O"clock.
i
2.0 1:02Bell Bell Clock
74 Rob Nokes Sound Library Bell,Cow,Constant,Series,Faint Birds BG.wav Bell, Cowbell: Bell, Cow, Constant, Series, Faint Birds BG
i
2.0 1:31Bell Bell Cowbell
75 BBC Sound Effects Library CathedralsLondon.BBC.EC2C9d.wav Bell, Church: Large Crowd: Outside St. Paul"s Cathedral, Cheering And Whistling Builds Up.
i
2.0 1:04Bell Bell Church
76 SoundStorm Library Tones-Bells-Doorbell-Int-_1.wav Tones - Bells - Doorbell - Int - CU - Single Ring
i
2.0 0:04Bell Bell Door
77 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC1004Bi.wav Bell, Clock: Tompion And Banger Household Clock Striking Nine O"clock.
i
2.0 0:32Bell Bell Clock
78 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksStriking.BBC.ECD104j.wav Bell, Clock: Carfax Tower, Oxford (interior Perspective) - Strikes 12
i
2.0 1:08Bell Bell Clock
79 BBC Sound Effects Library ClockHampton.BBC.EC105Rf.wav Bell, Clock: Anne Boyleyn"s Clock Chimes And 3 O"clock
i
2.0 0:29Bell Bell Clock
80 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC48Tg.wav Bell, Clock: Cuckoo Clock Striking Seven O"clock. (Cuckoo And Chimes.)
i
2.0 0:09Bell Bell Clock
81 Casablanca Sound Library Cowbell,Ring,Faint.wav Bell, Cowbell: Cowbell Ring Gentle Casual
i
1.0 0:02Bell Bell Cowbell
82 BBC Sound Effects Library BellsPembroke.BBC.EC91P.wav Bell, Church: Church Bells Ringing. (St. Mary The Virgin"s Church, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire.)
i
2.0 3:03Bell Bell Church
83 SoundStorm Library Tones-Bells-BrassBell-In_11.wav Tones - Bells - Brass Bell - Int - CU - Small, Long Ring
i
2.0 0:07Bell Bell Brass
84 BBC Sound Effects Library BellsCathedrals.BBC.ECD90c.wav Bell, Cathedral: St. Paul"s Cathedral Bells, 5 Minutes Bell - 1972 (2B1, Reprocessed)
i
2.0 4:55Bell Bell Cathedral
85 BBC Sound Effects Library BellsTicket.BBC.EC25C.wav Bell Ringing On Old-fashioned Bus Ticket Machine.
i
2.0 0:11Bell Bell
86 Sounddogs Sound Library Bell,Gong,High,Reverb,Fast.wav Bell: Bell Gong High Reverb Fast
i
1.0 0:01Bell Bell
87 SoundStorm Library Tones-BicycleBell-2High-P_3.wav Tones - Bicycle Bell - 2 High-Pitched Rings
i
2.0 0:06Bell Bell Bicycle
88 Sounddogs Sound Library Bells,Fairy,Med,Gliss,Appear.wav Bell: Bells Fairy Med Gliss Appear
i
2.0 0:02Bell Bell
89 Rob Nokes Sound Library Bell,Hand,Medium Tone,Constant,Slow,Mid,Faint BG Birds.wav Bell, Hand: Bell, Hand, Medium Tone, Constant, Slow, Mid, Faint BG Birds
i
2.0 0:21Bell Bell Hand
90 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC36Gj.wav Bell, Clock: Trinity College Clock Striking Seven O"clock.
i
2.0 0:28Bell Bell Clock
91 BBC Sound Effects Library ClockChurchOvin.BBC.EC105Wk.wav Bell, Clock: Church Clock Striking, 11 O"clock. (All Saints Church)
i
2.0 0:29Bell Bell Clock
92 BBC Sound Effects Library ClockBigBen.BBC.EC105Ai.wav Bell, Clock: Big Ben Recorded Prior To Repair In 1956. 6 O"clock
i
2.0 0:58Bell Bell Clock
93 BBC Sound Effects Library ClocksChiming.BBC.EC1004Al.wav Bell, Clock: Lincoln"s Inn Clock Striking Twelve O"clock.
i
2.0 0:36Bell Bell Clock
94 Sounddogs Sound Library Bell,Bicycle,Old,Ring,Double.wav Bell, Bicycle: Bell Bicycle Old Ring Double
i
1.0 0:02Bell Bell Bicycle
95 BBC Sound Effects Library ClockBigBen.BBC.EC105De.wav Bell, Clock: Gound Level With Traffic In 1969. Quarter-hour
i
2.0 0:28Bell Bell Clock
96 Coll Anderson Sound Library EFX INT Bell B 03 (DNU).wav Bell: Bell, Interior, Large Metal Bell, Ring Bell, Multiple, Fast Rings And Decay, Distant And Verby
i
2.0 0:31Bell Bell
97 BBC Sound Effects Library BellsPre-Reform.BBC.EC2B7a.wav Bell, Church: Church Bells: 5 Bells, At Random, Pre-Reformation Style, From Interior, St. Mary And St. Andrew"s, Whittlesford, Cambs.
i
2.0 3:29Bell Bell Church
98 BBC Sound Effects Library Bells.BBC.EC1003Ab.wav Bell, Church: Six Cwt. Bell Ringing.
i
2.0 2:24Bell Bell Church
99 Rob Nokes Sound Library Bells,Church,Distant,Faint,BG Crowd.wav Bells, Church, Distant, Faint, BG Crowd
i
1.0 0:51Bell Bell Church
100 SoundStorm Library Tones-ChurchBells-KrumlovCh.wav Tones - Church Bells - Krumlov Church Bells - Medium Distant - Pedestrian Movement And Walla Throughout, 3 Bells, All Bells Seem To Ring From Different Distances
i
2.0 2:05Bell Bell Church